Implant Surface Microtopography – A Review
Osseointegration is the direct contact between the living bone and the implant surface without interposed soft tissue at the microscopic level and it is a critical process for implant stability and consequent short- and long-term clinical success. Surface conditions are particularly important as they play a major role in the osseointegration process. Several characteristics among implant surface, such as surface composition, physicochemical properties, surface wettability, and roughness influence the rate and quality of osseointegration. The goal of this review is to analyze the currently available methods for implant surface modification and also discuss the future trends in surface bioengineering and nanotechnology for improving the osseointegration and consequently their biological performance.
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