An Epidemiological Study of the Major Factors Influencing Outcomes in Critically Ill Obstetric Patients


  • Sonal Bajpayee Assistant Professor, Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, DKS Post Graduate Institute and Research Centre, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India
  • Rakesh Jha Senior Resident, Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, DKS Post Graduate Institute and Research Centre, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India



Retrospective analysis, Intensive care, Obstetrical care, Simplified Acute Physiology Score II


Introduction: An indicator of pronounced maternal morbidity is intensive care unit (ICU) admissions of obstetric patients. Few studies have been published concerning ICU admissions of obstetric patients in the developing world. Based on the fact that the risk factors defining pronounced maternal morbidity and maternal mortality in the developing world are not fully established, the present retrospective study was conducted to analyze and evaluate the obstetric admissions to the ICU in an attempt to identify the risk factors influencing maternal outcome. Methods: This retrospective analytical study involved 200 randomly selected obstetrical patients admitted to ICUs. Prior consent was obtained from local randomly selected Tertiary care hospitals to see the records of the patients from Medical Records Department. The medical records for these patients were reviewed for the collection and classification of data including the patient characteristics, the obstetric history, the preexisting medical disorders, and the causes that necessitated admission to the ICU. Results: Major obstetric and medical conditions requiring ICU admission were hemorrhage, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (preeclampsia, eclampsia, and pregnancy-induced hypertension), severe anemia, and sepsis. The number of maternal deaths was 13% of obstetric patients admitted in ICU in our study. The most common causes of maternal mortality were hemorrhagic shock and multiorgan dysfunction syndrome. The observed mean Simplified Acute Physiology Score (SAPS II) between the surviving group of patients and the non-surviving group of patients was statistically significant. Conclusion: There is a need for high-dependency unit in tertiary care hospitals. Obstetric hemorrhage and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are the major risk factors for ICU admission. Majority of complications occurred in women with gestational age of 37–42 weeks. There is a need to train obstetricians in obstetric medicine and critical care to do justice to these critically ill pregnant women. Focus of care for the obstetric patients who bear the major risk factors and who are admitted to the ICU should be carried out under the guidance of the ICU scoring systems such as the SAPS II and others such as APACHE-II and SOFA scores.


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How to Cite

Sonal Bajpayee, & Rakesh Jha. (2021). An Epidemiological Study of the Major Factors Influencing Outcomes in Critically Ill Obstetric Patients. Asian Pacific Journal of Health Sciences, 8(1), 63–66.