Retrospective Analysis of Suspected Clinical Cases of Human Brucellosis in Anand, Gujarat, India
Keywords:Clinical presentations, Diagnosis, Human brucellosis, Treatment
Introduction: Brucellosis is a zoonosis that is emerging in some parts of the world. Although, brucellosis is a mandatory reporting disease and is not eliminated in Gujarat. The aim of the present study was to study the prevalence of human brucellosis in Anand district of Gujarat along with the trend of the disease over a period of 6 years. We also tried to study the common clinical presentations and diagnostic test used for confirmation of cases. Methods: In this study, we retrospectively analyzed the data available at the Shree Krishna Hospital, Karamsad during the past 6 years (2015 ± 2021) to get insight into the prevalence of human brucellosis in Gujarat. Results: According to the available data, 113 samples had positive serology for Brucella spp. The age of the patients enrolled in the study ranged from 12 to 78 years with an average age of 35.58. The majority were males 96 (85%), Out of 113 patient’s total 37 patients admitted to the hospital in year 2019. According to the available data, out of a total of 113, 55 patients were positive for Brucella abortus, while only nine patients were positive for Brucella melitensis. Conclusion: As this study constitutes a retrospective analysis, some of its methodological limitations relate to the lack of information that would allow a more comprehensive analysis of risk factors (e.g., occupation, risk factors, and area of residence of patients).
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Copyright (c) 2022 Jinal Patel, Suman Singh
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