Nutrient Diversity and its Association with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Urban Indian Population
Keywords:Dietary intake, Macronutrients, Micronutrients, Nutrient diversity, Type 2 Diabetes
Background: Nutrient diversity is one of the key factors of a balanced diet because of its correlation with macronutrients and micronutrients. Aims and Objectives: The objective of the study was to assess daily dietary intake and get urban Indian data based on the regional dietary intake of the subjects. Materials and Methods: Nutrient diversity was inferred using a food frequency questionnaire and 24-h dietary recall along with other variables such as demographic data, income, education, lifestyle, number of meals per day, and addictions. Average, mean, and standard deviation were calculated for all of these. Results: Results showed a positive correlation between nutrient diversity and its association with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The average dietary intake of the study showed that the subjects consumed a diet high in carbohydrates and fat while the protein and micronutrient intake was on the lower side. A large variation was observed in the average nutrient intake from different food groups. Conclusion: The current study concluded that the nutrient diversity amongst the subjects is an indicator to risk of diabetes and pre–diabetes.
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Copyright (c) 2023 Hitha Parshva Bhankharia, Geeta Ibrahim, Shweta Ratogi
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