Pain beliefs and affecting factors of the hematopoietic stem cell transplant patients with hematological cancer
Keywords:Hematological cancer, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, nurse, pain beliefs
Aim: This descriptive study was conducted to determine the pain beliefs and affecting factors of the cancer patients subjected to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
Methods: The sample of the study was 94 hematologic cancer patients monitored and treated at the Gazi University Research and Application Hospital Stem Cell Transportation Unit. “Pain Beliefs Scale” and 33 questions prepared by the researcher by examining the literature were used as the data collection means. For the analysis of the data, descriptive statistics, Kruskal–Wallis test, single-way variance analysis, and t-test in independent groups were used.
Results: Organic belief score average of the patients under the study was found to be 3.8 ± 0.9 and psychological belief score average was found to be 4.7 ± 1.0. The organic belief scores of patients were high in married patients, while psychological beliefs were high in single patients. The pain beliefs were not affected by the age, education level, gender, working status, and pain severity (P > 0.05). However, the organic belief score average of the patients who agreed that cancer could cause pain was significantly high from the statistical point of view (P < 0.05).
Conclusion: According to the results obtained from the study, nurses were recommended to assess the organic and psychological beliefs with respect to the cause of the pain of the patients suffering pain.
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