A Quantitative and Qualitative Evaluation of Mass Drug Administration (MDA) program in three districts of Madhya Pradesh (India)
Keywords:Filariasis, MDA, DEC, Effective Coverage
Introduction: Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is the world's second leading cause of long-term disability. According to the World Health Organization, India, Indonesia, Nigeria and Bangladesh alone contribute about 70% of the infection worldwide. Mass drug administration of one annual dose of diethylcarbamazine citrate and albendazole is currently advocated by WHO for control of lymphatic filariasis. The state of Madhya Pradesh (MP), India adopted MDA for elimination of LF in 2004. The aim of this study was to assess the effective coverage of MDA and to determine the causes of coverage compliance gap. Methodology: It was a cross-sectional survey in which both quantitative and qualitative data was collected from the study clusters by house-to-house surveys. Multistage random sampling method was used to select the clusters. 30 household were covered in each cluster, covering 4 clusters per district; so in each district 120 households were surveyed. Results: The present study was conducted in three filariasis endemic districts of Madhya Pradesh. The study covered a target population of 1863 from twelve clusters of which 94.09% (1753) were eligible for drug consumption. The overall drug distribution rate (coverage) was 84.59% and the coverage compliance gap was 16.82%. Overall drug ingestion compliance was 80.10%. The overall effective coverage was 67.77% (Z Score=3.6338, p=0.00014). The drug distribution rate (coverage) was much better in urban areas (92.55%) as compared to rural areas (82.45%) and therefore the effective coverage was much better in urban areas (75.53%) as against 65.65% in the rural areas. The most important reason of noncompliance was lack of awareness about the disease (47.45%). Understaffing was also reported in all the districts and impact assessment data was not collected in any of the three districts. Conclusion: There is need of intensive health education campaigns to increase the level of scientific information about the disease. The coverage activities should be prioritized equally with Behavior Change Communication (BCC) activities. The timings of drug distribution should be properly thought out.
How to Cite
Asian Pacific Journal of Health Sciences applies the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license to published articles. Under this license, authors retain ownership of the copyright for their content, but they allow anyone to download, reuse, reprint, modify, distribute and/or copy the content as long as the original authors and source are cited. Appropriate attribution can be provided by simply citing the original article.